如沐春风,领略名师风采--李嘉玉赛达写作讲座听后感

作者:佚名 来源:本站原创 发布时间:2009-05-06 点击数:

英语作为高中生课程中最为重要的科目之一,成为历届考生关注的焦点,英语学习亦逐渐融入了学生的生活,成为不可或缺的一部分。然而,面对英语学习,不少同学却困惑重重。这其中,占试卷超过60%分值的阅读和写作无疑成为较难提升的“老大难”问题。今天,科学高中部有幸邀请到了美国大学网创始人,现纽约大学教授李嘉玉先生,一场关于“阅读和写作”的讲座犹如窗外这场及时的春雨,使全场同学如饮甘泉、如沐春风,受益匪浅。
阅读和写作是一件事情的两个方面,二者不能割裂。而这两种能力是由一种严肃的英语思维决定的。在这里,思维处在主导地位。可以举一个简单的例子,美国的学生几乎只会算加法,生活中很少使用减法,乘除更是他们所不掌握的内容。这在我们看来有些难以置信,难道美利坚是一个如此笨拙到可笑的民族吗?显然不是,美国人无疑是世界上最聪明最具创造力的人之一,这正是他们那种“永远用最简单的方法解决复杂问题”的思维方式所决定的。连买一罐可乐的找零都用加法来解决的思维,让我们不得不赞叹。
海明威临终前曾说过这样一句:“如果上帝再给我50年,我会超过所有的文学大师。”无疑,这说明他已经掌握了写作思维的精髓和写作技巧,超过所有文学大师也许只是时间问题。可见思维的重要性。而英文中亦是如此。那么,这样的思维如何养成呢?
首先,李老师为我们提出明确文章的写作思路的方法。就举第一人称文章的例子,它的基本思路就该是:experience----feeling—thinking—reaction—realization. 只有明确这样的思路,才有可能写出合理的文章。这不是死板的格式,即使是按这样模仿的写作也是很好的训练。
随着讲座渐臻佳境,接下来,李老师为我们提出了3个阅读和写作的常用技巧。
(一) 衔接
这是一个写作中最常见的技巧。其中,可作为连接工具的大体上有连词、标点和句子三种。像however,but这样的词往往在连接前后的同时突出后者,并且让读者在读完前面一句就大体上知道后面要表达的意思,比便我们group by group的阅读。
(二) 常识
在阅读过程中我们要善于思考,用日常生活的思维与知识去猜测作者所要表达的意思。同样的,为的是让我们更顺利的阅读以及更好的理解。
(三) 戏剧性的夸张
这一技巧中包含多方面内容。首先是各种修辞的运用,其中常见的有类比、暗喻、反语、双关语以及最为深刻的漫画手法。这些都能使文章更生动、更具吸引力;其次就是表达感情的用语:apathy, empaty, pathetic等一些词也能让文章更精彩。
除此之外,李老师还提出写作的世界如同花儿的世界,需要一种工整与对称。比如说有一种段落格式是 topic sentence + surpporting +concluding sentence ,这样的格式就能让人清晰地了解文章脉络。
李老师一场精彩而深刻的讲座让同学们意犹未尽,深受启发。通过这些递进透彻的解析、实用高效的方法,相信同学们在日后的英语学习中,会把零散孤立的学习步骤提炼成一套完整的技术流程,步步体现英语思维的应用,实现对知识的轻松理解和灵活运用。

English,as one of the most important subjects in senior high,has become a focus of examines in all previous sessions. Well,english study has also become an indispensable part. However,facing English study ,quite a few students are at a loss. Among so many difficulties,reading comprehension and writing,making up 60% of the marks,is obviously the most serious one. Today,we are honored to have invited the founder of USAdaxue.com,professor of New York University,Mr.Li. The lecture is so educational,and we have really been benefited a great deal from it
Reading and writing are two aspects of one business. The two can’t be separated. They depend on a kind of serious English thought. Thought plays the leading role in the case. We can raise a simple example --American students generally only can use one algorithm--addition. They seldom use subtraction,to say nothing of multiplication or division. It’s hard for us to believe –are Americans stupid ? Of course not,Americans are one of the most briliant people in the world,exactly it is because their way of thinking—always use the simpliest way to solve complicated questions.They use addition in every calculation even when buying a bottle of coca-cola,make us can’t help appreciating.
Hemingwei once said :“if god give me another 50 years, I will outstrip all the literary authors.” There’s no doubt that he had grasped the essence of writing thought and the writing techniques. Maybe it depend on time whether he can outstrip others. So,thought is of vital importance and it’s true in English.
However,hoe does this kind of thought form? As professor Li had said,the first thing we should do is to decide the framework of the composition should go like this “experience—feeling—thinking—reaction—realization.”Only by this way can you write a reasonable essay .This is not simplly a inflexible structure.Even compositions imitated like this are good ones,and only by this kind of imitation can we really learn how to write it .
Next,Mr.Li brought up three common reading and writing techniques.
(1)Link
This is the technique used in writing most frequently.Conjuctions,punctuation,and sentences can be used as a tool of link.Words such as “however” “but” is useful to connect naturally,and give prominence to the latter in the meantime.And furthermore,that makes it much easier for the readers to generally guess what we’ll talk about below.On the contrary,when we are reading,we should find those indicate of link in order to read smoothly and quickly.
(2)Common sense
While reading,we should rack our brain,use our mode of thinking and knowledge of everyday life to conjecture the author’s intention.Apparently,this can also helps us get through the article without a hitch,and comprehend it better.
(3)Dramatic exaggerations
The technique contains many aspects.First of all,it is the using of various rhetorics,Simile,Implication,Metaphor,Irony and Metonymy to name but a few.And Caricatare is the most profound and classic figure.Those will make our essays word picture.Secondly,it is the emotion words that make our essays dramatic,such as Apathy,Empaty and Pathetic.
In addition,Li also pointed out that the world of composition is similar to the one of flowers,we need to make up a beauty of symmetry.For example,there’s a kind of essay written as followed: Topic sentence + Surpporting + Concluding sentence.This kind of form makes people understand the aim of your essay.
In Li’s opinion,we should combinr the solated step of learning into a complete technical procession with pentrating analysis and practical method.
From memorizing and understanding to checking and using,we should use our learning skill from beginning to the end ,achieving the control and the memorizing of all the content.

录入者:孙立东 责任编辑:万景华

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